Multan is known as the City of Sufi’s or Saints and Madina-Tul-Oleyah. The city is full of Mosque, Bazars, Shrines and ornate tombs. The older part of the city still exists within the defensive wall. There is much a famed Qasim Fort situated on the rock. The old housed and many of artifacts/remains are speaking of its glorious past.
Multan city is district & divisional headquarter located in the southern part of Punjab Province Pakistan. It is a very ancient and historic city. It has always been acknowledged as a place of great culture and civilization a very distinguished and honorable position among the cities of Pakistan. It is famous for its cultural heritage of arts and crafts. Many artifacts, remains, old buildings and tombs are living monuments of craftsmanship, skills and perfection of the artisans. Their handicrafts are exhibited at various places in the old city. In fact, Multan has rich treasures of cultural heritage of arts, crafts and traditions, which is inherited of its old civilization. The Cultural scene of Multan has a special impression of classical craft making and exclusive architecture.
A Muslim religious scholar, Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya, established a school of higher learning in theology in the 8th Century Hijra (1300 AD) in Multan, where scholars from all over the world came for studies and research and after receiving education spread the light of knowledge in various parts of the world. It was to give due recognition to the unique position of the city that the National Education Policy of 1972 envisaged the establishment of a University at Multan. Accordingly, the University of Multan was established in 1975 by an enactment of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. To pay homage to the great Muslim Scholar, the name of the University was changed from the University of Multan to Bahauddin Zakariya University in 1979.
The city (740 ft. above sea level) is located almost in the Centre of Pakistan. It is a distance of approximately 966 km from Karachi, 562 km from Islamabad and 350 km from Lahore, right on the main highway and about eight kilometers from the mighty Chenab, in a bend created by the five confluent rivers. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The vast plain of Multan Division is dissected by rivers, canals and narrow water channels, forming an ideal agricultural base for the economic development of the region. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the Country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its Crops: Wheat, Cotton and Sugar Cane as well as Mangoes, Citrus, Dates, Guavas and Pomegranates.
Multan division lies between north latitude 29′-22′ and 30′-45 and east longitude 71′-4′ and 72′-4’55. Multan District has 4.5 million populations spread over area of 3721 sq. km comprising 4 Tehsil’s (Multan Cantonment, Multan Sadar, Shujabad & JalalpurPirwala) and four Districts (Multan, Lodhran, Vehari and Khanewal).